Two female scientists have won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry
They have "revolutionised basic science."
Two female scientists have been awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
Dr Emmanuelle Charpentier and Dr Jennifer A. Doudna won the prestigious prize this week for their development of Crispr-Cas9 - a tool that can precisely modify the genes of animals and plants.
This is the first time in history that a Nobel Prize for science has been awarded to two women.
The New York Times reports that Dr Charpentier said she is "happy" to be one of the recipients of the prize, and that she hopes her win “can provide a really strong message for young girls" to "follow in the path of science."
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BREAKING NEWS The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry to Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna “for the development of a method for genome editing.” Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna have discovered one of gene technology’s sharpest tools: the CRISPR/Cas9 genetic scissors. Using these, researchers can change the DNA of animals, plants and microorganisms with extremely high precision. This technology has had a revolutionary impact on the life sciences, is contributing to new cancer therapies and may make the dream of curing inherited diseases come true. Researchers need to modify genes in cells if they are to find out about life’s inner workings. This used to be time-consuming, difficult and sometimes impossible work. Using the CRISPR/Cas9 genetic scissors, it is now possible to change the code of life over the course of a few weeks. Since Charpentier and Doudna discovered the CRISPR/Cas9 genetic scissors in 2012 their use has exploded. This tool has contributed to many important discoveries in basic research, and plant researchers have been able to develop crops that withstand mould, pests and drought. In medicine, clinical trials of new cancer therapies are underway, and the dream of being able to cure inherited diseases is about to come true. These genetic scissors have taken the life sciences into a new epoch and, in many ways, are bringing the greatest benefit to humankind. See link in bio for more information. #NobelPrize #NobelLaureate #science #chemistry #genetics
“There is enormous power in this genetic tool, which affects us all," said Claes Gustafsson, chair of the Nobel Committee for Chemistry.
"It has not only revolutionised basic science, but also resulted in innovative crops and will lead to ground-breaking new medical treatments."
“This technology has utterly transformed the way we do research in basic science,” added Dr. Francis Collins, director of the National Institutes of Health. “I am thrilled to see Crispr-Cas getting the recognition we have all been waiting for, and seeing two women being recognised as Nobel Laureates.”
Dr Charpentier and Dr Doudna first published their discovery of the genetic scissors in 2012. The tool has since been used in the search for cures for conditions such as hereditary blindness and sickle call disease.
The women met at a café in Puerto Rico in 2011 while attending a conference.